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Unit iv health control

 

Health Control

 

The outgoing Russian citizens and foreigners arriving in Russia must have a special document International Certificate of Vaccination which certifies that a person has been inoculated against some infectious diseases such as cho- lera, smallpox, yellow fever, plague, typhoid fever or malaria. AU incoming fo- reigners must proceed to the Health Control to produce the certificate of vacci- nation.

 

Plant Quarantine Point

 

Any load or baggage containing seeds, bulbs, cuttings, vegetables and fruit are subject to the Plant Quarantine inspection. A passenger must have a special license to carry plant materials. This document should be produced to the State inspector of the Plant Quarantine point.

 

Veterinary Point

 

Transportation of animals, birds, live fish, insects and products of animal origin is under the inspection of the veterinary Control. A passenger should have a medical certificate for his animal (a dog, a cat) to carry it in. the passen- ger cabin.

 

Health Screenings at Airports

 

 Due to the outbreak of H1N1 (Swine) flu occurring in the United States and many other countries, airport staff in some countries may check the health of arriving passengers. Travelers from the United States arriving in oth- er countries may be checked for fever and other symptoms of H1N1 flu, and their travel may be delayed.

 When you travel internationally from the United States, officials in other countries may ask you to:

Pass through a scanning device that checks your temperature. (The de- vice may look like an airport metal detector, a camera, or a handheld device.)

Have your temperature taken with an oral or ear thermometer. Fill out a sheet of questions about your health. Review information about the symptoms of H1N1 flu. Give your address, phone number, and other contact information. Be quarantined for a period if a passenger on your flight is found to have symptoms of H1N1 flu. Contact health authorities in the country you are visit- ing to let them know if you become ill.

 If you have a fever or respiratory symptoms or are suspected to have

 

H1N1 flu based on screening, you may be asked to:

 

Be isolated from other people until you are well. Have a medical exami- nation. Take a rapid flu test (which consists of a nasal swab sample). Be hospi- talized and given medical treatment, if you test positive for H1N1 flu.

 Please note that the U.S. Department of State usually cannot in- terfere with the rights of other countries to screen airline passengers en- tering or exiting their countries, nor can it influence the number of days in quarantine.

 Many countries, including Japan and China, are screening arriving passengers for illness due to H1N1 flu. These health screenings are being used to reduce the spread of H1N1 flu.

 

Measuring Body Temperature from a Distance to Prevent Spreading of

 

AN1H1 (Swine Flue)

 

Xenics, leading developer of innovative infrared detection solutions for a wide range of applications headquartered in Europe, presents a secure and non- invasive countermeasure to the uncontrolled spreading of the respiratory disease, sometimes called swine flue, caused by the potentially pandemic virus AN1H1. Easily installed and operated at airports and border stations, Xenics offers the new Raven, an uncoiled micro bolometer infrared camera, which measures, from a safe distance and in real time, crucial differences in body temperature at an accuracy of up to 0.2C pinpointing any suspicious fevers in passing travelers.

With this IR camera solution for simple, reliable and stable operation in public places such as airports, bus railway and metro stations, they are opening

up an urgently sought and practical way to detect, at an early stage, dangerous viral diseases indicated by fever. As a diagnostic tool, the Xenics Raven captures and displays on a PC screen linked via a simple Ethernet connection a high-definition infrared image at a high frame rate of 50 Hz.

Temperature differences as small as 0.2C can be detected, at a measuring sensitivity of 0,05C. By using the reference method, putting a precisely controlled temperature reference in the field of view, Xenics eliminates the stability problem that micro bolometer cameras usually have to cope with, thereby providing a stable and reliable screening. The high-definition image permits accurate fever detection in both individuals and crowds.

Generally, the measurement of body temperature from a distance is carried out with an infrared camera that detects the heat emitted from the human skin producing a temperature map like a camera in the visual realm recording a life scene. The result is a color image whose various color contours represent temperature gradients. Temperatures above a certain preset level can be highlighted.

Enabling reliable measurements, the unit requires only minimal set up and examination time. The Raven can be flexibly operated on a tripod or installed for permanent use. The company recommends the body temperature to be checked at the corner of an individuals eye, where the temperature approaches the core body temperature. The examination takes no longer than a fraction of a second. Setup of the Raven is very simple. It requires minimum operator training of less than one hour before being fully operational.

Even a systematic, collected crowd screening is feasible via the Ravens high-definition image. Automatic alerts can be triggered by adjustable thresholds preferably set at 1C above average temperature, with visual and/or audible alarms. Operation of the Raven is discrete -at a 50Hz frame rate, there is no hampering of pedestrian flow. The Raven provides accurate and stable temperature measurement via precisely controlled blackbody reference.

We are broadening our product portfolio as well as our strategic presence in the world markets, changing from a mainly technology-driven to a fully market-driven approach, says Xenics founder and CEO Bob Greatens.

In addition to our fast growing business in advanced InGaAs SWIR imagers we are entering the markets for bolometer solutions based on our application oriented R&D portfolio.

 

Exercises

 

1.Translate into Russian

 

a) To be subject to the inspection, license, the Health Control, the Plant Quarantine Point, the Veterinary Control, certify, certification, produce, certifi- cate; of vaccination, inspect the certificate of vaccination, pass through the Health Control, to be inoculated against some diseases, to feed animals, to pro- duce certificates of vaccination.

b) Animals are subject to special regulations of the earlier and respective authorities.

1) In some countries, they check the certificate of vaccination. 2) When entering a foreign country, leaving it or passing through it you need a visa, a foreign passport and a medical certificate. 3) The Health officials are the first to meet you in the USA. They examine your chest X-ray, smallpox vaccination certificate and other health certificates. If everything is in order, you will go to the immigration inspection. 4) Vaccination requirements for Philippines are al- most the same as for other Southeast Asian countries smallpox, cholera, yel- low fever. 5) With improper documentation as required by countries of exit, transit and entry the passenger may not be accepted for transportation.

 

2. Answer the following questions

 

1) What diseases are considered to be infectious? 2) What must be pro- duced at the Health Control? 3) What is subject to the Plant Quarantine inspec- tion? 4) What document is produced at the Plant Quarantine point? 5) What is under the inspection of the Veterinary Control? 6) Can an animal be carried in the passenger cabin? 7) What document should a passenger have for his ani- mal? 8) What document certifies that a person has been inoculated?

3. Translate the following words into Russian

 

Automatic alerts; developer; headquartered in Europe; spreading; Easily installed; bolometer infrared; camera; solution; diagnostic tool; displays; Ethernet connection; high-definition; eliminates; color; Setup of the Raven; triggered; pedestrian flow;

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