Íàçâàíèå: Business Grammar Builder. Äåëîâîé àíãëèéñêèé: ãðàììàòèêà (Ë.Â. Êîðóõîâà Í.Í. Íîâîñåëüöåâà)
Unit 2 present time 2
Present Simple or Present Continuous? A
habits and routines
facts that are always true general situations
I live in Budapest. (all the time) This plane lands in Frankfurt. (routine)
events happening at the moment a particular situation
I’m living in Budapest. (for a few months)
Look! We’re landing. (in progress
NLT dominates UK cable-television market. (general situation)
It is doing very well in the rest of Europe, too, with about 4m customers.
(trend in progress)
Other uses of present tenses B
The Present Simple can be used to refer to timetables and schedules. When we speak about timetables we are often thinking about the future.
British Airways flight BA729 leaves Geneva at 16.40 and arrives in London at 17.20.
The Present Simple can be used to make a story appear more immediate and interesting. This is common in journalism.
On a grey November day in New England the mood inside EMC’s
headquarters is sunny and bright. Executives of the data-storage market
leader see no limits to the world’s expending appetite for their storage machines. CEO Michael Ruettgers calls EMC recession-proof.
The Present Continuous can be used to describe a fixed future arrangement.
This is usually a future time expression.
HSBC are moving to new premises next year.
We can use always with the Present Continuous. This is often used for exaggerating or complaining. We emphasise always in speech in this case. This photocopier is always breaking down!
(= stop doing it, quit)
State verbs C
Some verbs describe states, not actions. Nothing ‘happens’. Verbs like this are not normally used in the Continuous form of any tense.
How much does it cost? (NOT How much is it costing ?) Sorry, I don’t understand. (NOT I’m no t un ders tan din g )
These examples are in the present even though we are talking about temporary situations.
State verbs include:
the senses: appear, hear, look like, notice, see, seem, smell, sound, taste
(= have a flour)
feelings: dislike, fear, hate, like, love, prefer, want, wish
thinking: agree, believe, doubt, expect (= believe), feel (=believe), forget, imagine, know, realise, recognise, suppose, suspect,
think (believe), understand
possession: belong to, contain, have (= possess), include, own, possess being: be, consist of, exist
other verbs: cost, depend on, fit, involve, matter, measure (= have length), mean, need, satisfy, surprise, weigh
Analysts expect that shares in the demerged P&O Princess Cruises will trade initially at about 400p a share, which means that P&O is currently
Some of the verbs in the previous list can have a ‘state’ meaning and an
‘action’ meaning. Examples include be, have, taste, think. Our suppliers are usually very helpful. (state)
Our suppliers are being very helpful at the moment. (action) I have two sisters. (state)
I’m having problems with this computer. (action) This soup tastes salty. (state)
I’m tasting the soup to see if it needs more salt. (action) I think you’re right. (state)
I’m thinking about changing my job. (action)
State verbs are not normally used in the imperative.
(= control it to stop it increasing)
PRACTICE PRESENT TIME
Exercise 1 (A)
Underline the correct words.
1 A: What do you do / are you doing?
B: I’m an executive secretary.
2 A: What do you do / are you doing?
B: I’m looking for the details on the computer.
3 A: Where do you work / are you working?
B: Paris this month, then Bonn the next.
4 A: Where do you work / are you working?
B: At our Head office in Paris.
5 My name’s Walter, and I come I come / I’m coming from Frankfurt.
6 I come / I’m coming to Frankfurt next Tuesday – I can call in to your office.
7 I deal with / I’m dealing with Andrew’s clients while he’s on holiday.
8 I deal with / I’m dealing with the paper work and general administration.
9 A: Who do you go / are you going to the Trade Fair with?
B: This year with Stefano.
10 A: Who do you go / are you going to the Trade Fair with?
B: Usually with Stefano.
Exercise 2 (A, D)
Complete the sentences by putting the verbs in brackets into the Present Simple or
1 I ….. (look at) the details on the screen right now.
2 I ….. (look at) the sales results in detail every morning.
3 The production line ….. (not, work) at weekends.
4 The production line ….. (not, work) at the moment.
5 Yes, I agree. I ….. (think) it’s a good idea.
6 I ..... (think) about it. I’ll let you know tomorrow.
7 Helen ….. (stay) at the Astoria while she’s in Madrid this month.
8 Helen ….. (stay) at the Astoria when she’s in Madrid.
9 We ….. (take) a sample for testing once a day.
(= dismiss, make redundant)
10 We ….. (take) a big risk if we go ahead with the project.
11 They ….. (be) usually very flexible if we need to change the order.
12 They ….. (be) flexible about giving us credit for a few more months.
Exercise 3 (D)
Some of the following sentences are right and some are wrong. Put a tick (√) next
to the right ones, and correct the wrong ones.
Exercise 4 (A, D)
Complete this dialogue by putting each of the verbs in brackets into the correct form of the Present Simple or Present Continuous.
MATT: (1) ….. (you / look) for someone?
JENNIFER: Yes, I (2) ….. (need) to speak to Kim Bryant but she isn’t in her office. (3) ….. (you / know) where she is?
MATT: Oh, I’m sorry, she isn’t here today. She (4) ….. (work) at home trying to finish an urgent report. I (5) ….. (think) she’ll be back at her desk tomorrow. Perhaps I can help you?
JENNIFER: Oh, thanks. I (6) ….. (work) for Pritchard Evans. We (7) ….. (organise)
corporate hospitality … MATT: Oh, yes.
JENNIFER: Well, Kim Bryant contracted us last week. Apparently you (8) …..
(expect) a visit by a Korean trade delegation next month. MATT: Yes, that’s right.
JENNIFER: Kim asked me to call in and give her some information on our service.
Um, I (9) ….. (have) a list of suggestions with me. It (10) ….. (give) you
(= searched for it in a reference list)
information on where you could take your visitors, and details of extra services that we can offer, like our pick-up service from the hotel in a chauffeur-driven limousine.
MATT: Well, that sounds great. I’m sure Kim would be really interested to see this.
JENNIFER: How long (11) ….. ? (your visitors / stay)?
MATT: Oh, I’m sorry, I (12) ….. (not / know) exactly. You really need to speak to Kim, she (13) ….. (deal) with this conference. I’ll tell her to give you
a ring tomorrow. What’s the best time to call?
JENNIFER: I (14) ….. (not / work) in the office in the mornings … anytime after two. Or she can call on my mobile, on 0777 …
Exercise 5 (A, D)
Complete this article about the magazine Time Out by using words from the list
below. Decide whether to put the verbs into the Present Simple or Present
(= collect me in your car)