Íàçâàíèå: Business Grammar Builder. Äåëîâîé àíãëèéñêèé: ãðàììàòèêà (Ë.Â. Êîðóõîâà Í.Í. Íîâîñåëüöåâà)
Unit 8 future 2
Future Continuous A
The Future Continuous is formed with will + be + the -ing form of the verb: One thing that is clear is that more and larger Taiwanese companies will be investing in China and that the new government will allow them to.
The Future Continuous describes an activity in progress and in the future.
We often use it when we compare what we are doing now with what we will be going in the future. There is nearly always a time expression.
Next year I’ll be working in our São Paulo office.
Where will you be working in six months’ time?
The Future Continuous is often used to say that something will definitely happen:
I’ll be holding a meeting soon, so we can make a decision then.
Future Perfect B
The Future Perfect is formed with will + have + past participle: By the year 2020 the volume of goods produced by traditional manufacturing worldwide will probably be at least twice it is today. But in
the US, the share of manufacturing in GDP, which is still around 15\% or so,
will have shrunk to 5\%.
We use the Future Perfect to look back from one point in the future to an earlier event or period of time. We often use by or by the time with the Future Perfect:
By the time we prepare our proposal they’ll have found another supplier.
By the end of the year we’ll have sold around 1,000 units.
We use the Continuous form of the Future Perfect to look back from one point in the future at an activity in progress:
Next year we’ll have been manufacturing the same model for ten years.
Present Simple C
We often use Present Simple when we talk about events in the future based
on a fixed timetable, programme or calendar:
Jim’s plane leaves at 12.
Other ways to talk about the future D
We often use modals and related verbs like should, be likely to, could, may,
might to refer to the future. See unit 13.
We use the verbs expect, hope, intend, would like, plan, want followed by an infinitive (to do) to refer to the future:
German automaker BMW is planning to build a production plant in Central or Eastern Europe by the middle of 2001 – and the Czech Republic is
hoping to get the contract.
Notice the negative forms:
I expect/hope I won’t …
We don’t intend/plan/want to …
I wouldn’t like to …
We can use be due to for things that we expect to happen:
Mr Welch, who hits GE’s mandatory retirement age of 65 next month, has built GE into America’s No. 1 company in stock market valuation. He is due to name the next chairman and chief executive of GE in the next few days.
We can use be about to for things that will (will not) happen very soon:
A look at the stock-market valuations of big software houses such as Cisco and Oracle show that the pace of development in new technology is not about to slow.
In modern English Shall I/we …… ? are used to make suggestions, not to refer to the future.
Shall we meet again next week?
Shall is still used for the future in formal situations, for example legal documents.
Was going to E
Was/Were going to is not a future form. We use it to refer to something that we planned in the past but did not do:
I’m sorry, I was going to phone you this morning, but I had to see one of our clients.
(= be slower than)
Exercise 1 (A, B, C, D, E)
Underline the correct words.
PRACTICE FUTURE TENSES
1 Tomorrow I’ll interview / I’ll be interviewing candidates all morning.
2 We will have moved / will be moving to our new premises in August.
3 We will have moved / will be moving to our new premises by August.
4 What time does your train / will your train leave?
5 Don’t forget to turn off the lights before you are leaving / you leave.
6 You can’t send the goods until we’ve received / we will receive a firm order.
7 We will be repaying / will have repaid the bank loan by December.
8 Unless they’re / they’ll be more reasonable, we’ll have to break off negotiations.
9 I was going to write / was writing to them, but I forgot.
10 I hope / I will hope to be able to speak at the press conference myself.
11 Our visitors are due to arrive / due arriving at 10.30.
12 I hope I won’t / I don’t hope I’ll be late for the meeting.
13 I think I won’t / I don’t think I’ll be late for the meeting.
14 Whet the contract is / will be ready, I’ll let you know.
15 Will we / shall we brake for coffee now?
16 Sorry, I can’t speak now, I’ll just have / I’m just about to have a meeting.
Exercise 2 (A, B, C)
Complete the sentences by putting the verbs in brackets into the right tense. Choose between the Present and Simple (I do), Future Continuous (I’ll be doing) and Future Perfect (I’ll have done)
1 By the time all the papers are ready, the deadline ….. (pass).
2 The fight ….. (leave) at 1 pm and ….. (arrive) at 3.45.
3 I ….. (see) Nick tomorrow, so I can give him your message.
4 This taxi is so slow. By the time we get there the meeting ….. (finish).
5 Sorry, I can’t see you on the 15th – I ….. (play) golf with a client.
6 I won’t do anything until I ….. (hear) from you.
7 Hurry up! By the time we arrive, the play ..… (start).
8 What ….. (you / learn) by the end of your course?
9 ….. (you / use) the conference room next Tuesday?
10 When I ….. (see) him, I’ll ask him.
(= not doing as much as I should)
Exercise 3 (A, B, D)
An economist has prepared a short report about his country next year. Read it, then choose the correct alternative from A, B, or D below to complete the report.
Exercise 4 (A, B, E)
The Human Resources Manager of a large company is explaining the appraisal system to a group of new employees. Complete his talk by putting the verbs in brackets into the right tense. Choose between the Present Simple (I do), Future Continuous (I’ll be doing), Future Perfect (I’ll have done) and was going to.
‘Your appraisal interviews (1) ….. (be) in March. Er, I’m sorry, they (2) ..… (be) in February but we had to postpone them. Sorry about that. Urn, during February your line managers (3) ….. (collect) all the information they need from you, and by the time you meet for the interview, they (4) …………… (produce) a checklist of points
(= become less)
Right. Um, in the interview you (5) ….. (discuss) your performance during the past year and any issues relating to your future needs, er, such as training. By the end of the meeting I hope that you and your line managers (6) ….. (agree) on your personal objective for next year, both in terms of sales targets and professional development. Is that clear? Yep, OK, good. Of course there is some flexibility in the targets, in case anything (7) ….. (happen) to the market that we cannot predict. We may also have a budget for you to do some training, after you (8) ….. (come) back from your summer holidays but before work (9) ….. (get) really busy in September. Is that OK? Yeah. Good.
After that, the next time that we all (10) ….. (meet) again will be in October, when I’d like some feedback on your training, as by then any courses that you do (11) ….. (finish). Is that OK? Yeah. I (12) ….. (send) you feedback forms nearer the
time. Well, er, unless you (13) ….. (have) any questions, I think that’s all. Oh, no. Er, yes – I (14) ….. (have) a word with you about your holiday plans, but you probably don’t know them yet. Could you email me with your request as soon as you them.’
Exercise 5 (A, B)
Complete each sentence 1 – 8 with an ending a) – h).
1 Please take a seat until
2 They won’t accept your order unless
3 Helen wants to see you before
4 You won’t see Helen. By the time she arrives
5 As soon as Helen arrives
6 I can’t wait! This time next week I’ll
7 I’ll have a suntan next time we meet!
8 Sorry about this. In a few moments
a) you leave.
b) Dr Rihal is ready to see you.
c) you’ll have left.
d) we give a bank guarantee.
e) have finished and we can talk.
f) I’ll ask her to phone you.
g) have just come back from Greece. h) Be lying on a beach in Greece.